The door of old kiln
One site of old kiln in Yixing
the most speical one feature of old kiln is using wood and straw as fuel to fire the potteries
Semi-refined clay
Semi-refined clay
Refined ceramic clay material is mainly carried out by machine,but some high grade potteris (such as tea pot) clay material will used to operate by hand, because people
Refined clay, we use it to produce the bonsai pots
the High Grade clay, red colour and yellow colour
Although we use the model, but it is just only for getting the shape, 90% of works must be made by hand.
Measuring the sizes to check the correct porportion
Semi-small size pots on the glass
history of yixing kiln

In the south of this Yixing Ding Shu town area, it is called Yixing kilns. Yixing pottery kiln red-hot from the beginning of the Han Dynasty, gray, and the original porcelain and so on, the firing of ceramics history continues today, more than 2,000 years, it can be said is the oldest kilns.Song has begun firing Yixing, popular in Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty reached the peak.

Around in Dingshu Town,Yixing, there are many old kiln sites, the oldest one was built in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it is called " Dragon Kiln", which looks like a dragon.
Another most famous kiln is the tunnel kiln, which has a big volume and when it finishes the firing, people could get into it to take out all potteries.
There are many rivers in Yixing,in the past ,the river shipment is the main way of transportation in Yixing.
Frequently watering to avoid the mud dry rough
believe the extracting clay by hand is more precise. The cost of this kind of clay will be very high, the working proceed is very complexiable, too.
In a village of Yixing, there is one live dragon kiln,kiln length of 40 meters, with 37 holes, 5 kiln door, it mainly fires all kinds of unglazed potteries,including in pots, vases.. It was built from the Ming Dynasty It has burned the Qing Dynasty, modern, and now, this is indeed rare. The enemy call it "living dragon kiln."
In the last centry, 50-70s ,the old kiln (dragon kiln)is the main tool for firing all potteris in Yixing
In 1987, two wokers were inspecting the pots
All the raw materials of Yixing bonsai pots comes from natural,local mountains or hills, contains a large number of speical mud,which is the best material for making the ceramic bonsai pots. Above photo shows 2 experts are analyzing the mud to see if this kind of clay could be used in ceramics.
Frequently watering the mud is very important, in the dry environment or season, the excessive dry mud may agglomerate and weathering. It will impact on producing the potteries.
Before making the pot,we must process the clay.Frist we use a wood hammer to strike the clay ,this work must be done many times by craftsman.The purpose is press the clay and make some thick clay particles more exquisite. It also can make the impurities protuberant. Then we will use the tool to eliminate the protuberant impurities . Only after above processing procedures,we can use it to make the pots.
Handling the feet and bottom of the pot
Handling the inside of the pot
Handling the edge of pot
sticking the line to the pot
Putting the semi-pot on the glass to keep the mouth of pot more smoothly
At present now, most of kilns for firing bonsai pots is shown in the photos above, we call it "drawer kiln", because it looks like one drawer. The fring fuel is coal gas.
After firing, all pots on the floors. The material of floor is silicon.
Our workers are packing the small glazed bonsai pots
unglazed bonsai pots in the carton
Finished package of wood pallet with bonsai pots
In the warehouse, waiting for shipment
Wood case for packing big sizes of pots
Using forklift to deliver pallets into the container
Wood pallet